Archive for the ‘Malaysia / Singapore’ Category
Genetics, Cultures and Happiness / 5-HTTLPR
Joan Chiao and Katherine Blisinsky took a research on the worldwide spreading of the 5-HTTLPR – gene, which is identified as responsible for the mood (anxiety and mood disorder) of it`s carrier by transporting serotonin. It was published from the Royal Society Publishing.
Using Hofstede`s model of cultural indices/dimensions to define cultures into individualistic and collectivistic, they crossed these data with the spreading of 5-HTTLPR.
(…) Here, we demonstrate for the first time a robust association between cultural values of individualism–collectivism and allelic frequency of the serotonin transporter gene, controlling for associated economic and disease factors. (…) Critically, our results further indicate that greater population frequency of S allele carriers is associated with decreased prevalence of anxiety and mood disorders due to increased cultural collectivism. (…)
Results from correlation analysis between Hofstede’s individualism–collectivism index (reverse scored) and frequency of S allele carriers of the 5-HTTLPR across 29 nations. Collectivist nations showed higher prevalence of S allele carriers (r(29) = 0.70, p < 0.0001).
Geographical coincidence between serotonin transporter gene diversity and cultural traits of individualism–collectivism across countries. Colour maps include all available published data for each variable of interest. Grey areas indicate geographical regions where no published data are available. (a ) Hofstede Colour map of frequency distribution of IND-COL from Hofstede (2001). (b) 5-HTTLPR Colour map of frequency distribution of S alleles of 5-HTTLPR. (c) anxiety Colour map of frequency of global prevalence of anxiety. (d) mood disorders Colour map of frequency of global prevalence of mood disorders. Yellow to red colour bar indicates low to high prevalence.
(Chiao, J.Y. & Blizinsky, K.D. 2009 Culture-gene coevolution of individualism-collectivism and the serotonin transporter gene. Proc. R. Soc. B (doi: 10.1098/rspb.2009.1650)
(retrieved 20.05.2015 at http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/277/1681/529.full)
Background Info: World`s Haplogroups
This Map of Haplogroups (J.D. McDonald) shows the distribution of certain genetic characteristics. It is widely used for genealogical research because certain cell structures are inherited matrilinear or patrilinear. Click here to download from the the University of Illinois/School of Chemical Sciences. You can also download the full pdf here.
(retrieved 20.05.2015 at http://www.scs.uiuc.edu/%7Emcdonald/WorldHaplogroupsMaps.pdf)
Happiness and Income
From R.Inglehart and H-D.Klingemann, “Genes, Culture and Happiness,” MIT Press, 2000.Check out for more at http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/
Read a different view on the categories “Cultures and Genes” and “Culture influences Brain” or view the World’s Map of Happiness.
First of all I have to say, that Malaysia is the most warm-hearted and friendly country I ever have been to.
I strongly recommend Malaysia for any tourist. It is a highly developed country and THE vital beating heart of Asia. Three different cultures meet there, the Malay, the Chinese and the Indian. All three cultures mainly preserved their own identity. It only takes minutes to change from Chinese to Indian or to Malay. The neighbour country is Thailand, which was independent ever since, never “colonialised” by a Western force. Of course it is not always easy to get along with the neighbors, but Malaysia is a politically and economically very stable country. Nowhere else on the world you have such a variety of cultures at one place. It is the only place in Asia, where you can get along only with English language.
When four cultures meet so closely, there is surely a competition in the different kitchens. Nowhere else on the world you can get such a variety of different Asian food at one place.
Malaysia is a Muslim country, but almost half of the population is from a totally different culture, meaning not Muslim. The Malay population calls calls themselves “Bumiputeri”- children of the earth. The Malay style of Islam is used to get along with “Non-Believers”.
A good source of information about Malaysia is the “New Straits Times” http://www.nst.com.my/
My favourite source of information is still the Malaysiakini: http://www.malaysiakini.com/
Interesting Weblog about a Malay student living in Germany: http://www.schaeckir.blogspot.com/ Jalan-Jalan Di Deutschland Some of it is written in Malayu, but enough in English.
Veeery Malay-Malay: http://themalaysianlife.blogspot.com/ The Malaysian Life